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What’s next for Kurds in Iraq and Syria

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It has been quite some time since I wrote for this blog. Although I continue writing articles for an online Kurdish website (, in Turkish, I have not been producing in English.

Events have taken a path that is very favorable for the Kurds, both in Iraq and Syria. The fake and failed states of Iraq and Syria have literally fallen apartand Kurds have gained so well that it has become nonsense to talk about Iraq or Syria.

rojava and bashur

One thing about Iraq is that (or was that) that it has been an Arab state. Disregarding the Kurdish majority up in the North, Iraq has always had an Arab identity and Kurds fit nowhere in this. Even though a recognition of Kurdish ethnic political rights was always an issue for governments in Iraq, it had not been realized until American invasion in 2003.

Thanks to the American intervention with Gulf War I, then with the invasion in 2003 and the weakening of Baghdad in its capacity to rule, Kurds prospered and ensured control in their native lands. The invasion of the Sunni parts of Iraq by ISIS and its subsequent defeat by Peshmerga has helped Kurds to gain control of the last bits of their historical land, liked to be called the disputed regions by Arabs of Iraq. No more. Map of Kurdistan in Iraq has been drawn with blood and no sane person could recommend the Kurds to give them back.


As for Arabs in Iraq, it is the historical enmity between the Sunni and Shii populations that will not cease to exist unless one or both decide to give up their religion. They hate each other and, be assured, will continue to do so.

What is then best for Iraq? To divide into three separate states. One for Kurds, one for the Sunni and the last for the Shii. Once these three go their own ways, there will be no reason for any conflict in this geography, unjustly called Iraq any more. Would anyone of these to pursue political ambition beyond what is Iraq today, it would then be an analysis of a different topic.

Currently Kurds are preparing for a referendum for independence that will take place on September 25 and there is no doubt the majority of them will vote in favor.

Syria is yet another failed state created at the same time with Iraq, during post WWI era. Ruled by the Alawite Arab minority in the last decades Syria could hardly be considered one its citizens were happy with. The Kurds, at least a good portion of them, did not even have ID cards and bsides the Kurds, Sunni Arabs, the majority of the population, could not take part in ruling the country.

If Arab Spring had one effect there, this effect was unleashing the political ambitions of Kurds and the Sunni that resulted in a full scale war, with various regional and global powers supporting one side or the other.

failed syria

In the current state of the ongoing war the regime controls a fraction of the country, which is the most populous and strategically most important parts, if Syria was ‘intact’ as before. Kurds however, control the most important dams and oil wells, that were anyway on Kurdish land. The fight of the Sunni opposition in the South of the country being a mystery for the news watchers, the north is almost a complete loss for them, save some parts neighboring Turkey and this thanks to the support of Turkey and its allies. Regime is supported by the Russians and by good luck, the Kurds, led by the Syria faction of the PKK, managed to ally themselves or their interests with those of the USA.

Currently the opposition and the regime enjoy a kind of truce in their fighting, but Kurds continue their fight with ISIS in Raqqa, which is the capital of the self declared Khilafat. According to the latest news report, there are about 2’000 IS fighters left in the city but Kurdish fightersi known to be fierce at battle field, and with support of the US Army, fight well to recapture the city. It is important to note though that the Kurdish ambitions do not involve controlling Raqqa. After the recapture, it is very likely that some Kurdish fighters at different levels will remain in Raqqa only to help create a governing body formed by local Arabs. This obviously gives the advantage to the Kurds to create (and in the future keep under control) a neighboring Arab regime that is friendly to them and will remain so.

The future for Kurds

map of kurdistan - approximate

Pandora’s box in the region was opened in 1991 when the USA responded with a war to Saddam’s invasion of Iraq. Kurds were given a safe haven in the North and this was used for a political establishment in the course of the history. Could it better than it is today? I do not think so. I believe things developed perfectly for Kurds, as all the setbacks in all this time has also helped to have an experience that will prevent similar setbacks in the future.

After Iraq came Syria, rather unexpectedly for most. The lazy Kurdish politicians of Iraq and their non-ambitious political establishment could not take advantage of the troubles in Syria to expand their rule there. There was PKK and with the right people on the ground, PKK managed to control a land bigger than those of the Iraqi Kurds. Richer? I do not know but if they could somehow reach to the Mediterranean they could also possibly take the political lead from Barzani or Talabani families and their affiliates to themselves. If some news reports are to be believed, they currently have a better supplied and better organized, or at least a more battle ready armed force than the Peshmerga of Northern Iraq.

Let’s together imagine a scenario where finally the Iraqi Kurds decide declare independence that would be recognized by the UN. How could this possibly effect the politics of Kurds in Syria and beyond, Kurds in Turkey and Iran.

Kurds in Syria (Rojavayé Kurdistan, West of Kurdistan)
The PKK will find it in a position to match the legal status of the newly independent Kurdistan, which is Bashuré Kurdistan for Kurds, South of Kurdistan. Guessing these two, we may expect a stupid enmity and aggression from Turks, which I believe will lead to a Turkish defeat in the hands of Kurdish fighters, the YPG, Syria faction of the PKK. I do not expect at any time a Turkish aggression towards Bashur, mainly for the inability of Turks in such a situation to explain the world their reason nor open yet another front with Kurds in addition to ongoing conflict within Turkey (Bakuré Kurdistan, North of Kurdistan, led by PKK directly) and in Syria, Rojava. Second and most striking reason is the Turks’ need for the cash flow they receive from Bashur. In a scenario in which this cash flow cuts, and Qatar cash flow in suspect, Turks would fall into an economic crisis they would not be able to get out of.

Short? Expect a Turkish attack to Rojava and suffering a terrible defeat. What will follow is a guess but it could either be an attempt for independence or, better in my opinion, a constitutional deal with Damascus regime that will give such an autonomy that would leave them more independent, more powerful and completely conflict free than what independence could give.

This is it for today. Please leave your comments below on what you think of these thoughts.



Written by M. Husedin

11 August 2017 at 11:49 PM

South Kurdistan finally under security umbrella

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Northern Iraq as they call it, or Free Kurdistan as many Kurdish intellectuals enjoy to name. Simply South Kurdistan for Kurds in general.

This geographical naming comes from 1946 dated, short lived Kurdistan Republic of Mahabad (part of Kurdistan under Persian rule in Iran today). The rest of Kurdistan named after Republic’s capital’s geographical location started being taken as the center. The part of Kurdistan under Turkish occupation is thus the North, Northern Iraq the South and the rest under Persian rule in Iran the East. For having been relatively small compared to others, the Syrian occupied part is called the Southwest.

In 1991, after one of the many massacres, when 1.5 million fled to Northern Kurdistan from Saddam’s armies and chemical bombs, the USA and its NATO allies declared a no-fly zone in the North of Iraq, in South Kurdistan with Operation Steel Curtain. This safe heaven led to the establishment of a joint Kurdish parliament in Hawlar (Arbil) of two main Kurdish factions in South Kurdistan: Hawlar based, Masoud Barzani led Partiya Demokratika Kurdistan, PDK (Kurdistan Democratic Party) and Sulaymaniyah based, Jalal Talabani led Yekitiya Netewiya Kurdistan, YNK (Patriotic Union of Kurdistan).

Although there has been a terrible bloodshed between the two factions short after the establishment of the parliament, it survived under the protection of American army, based in Incirlik in south of Turkey (of ancient Cilicia of long lost Armenians).

In 2003, with the American led invasion of Iraq and end to Saddam’s rule in the country, Kurds registered their state in the new Iraqi constitution as a federate state. This has been the only single strategical achievement of 40 million or so Kurds in modern times. However, achievements on paper do not mean much in the Middle East…

In the Middle East borders are fake, so are the countries and states these borders draw. So are the constitutions and the laws. So fake are the nations of Syria, Iran, Turkey, Iraq… These state-nations are strong however, and Kurds are not. The tiny little oil rich Free Kurdistan is thus basically free when there is American protection to it. Not free otherwise and an open target to the Turks and Persians.

I have naturally been worried about the faith of my ‘free Kurdistan’ which I could never visit. Strategical, yes, but very fragile. What I had as hope was that the American led West would not leave Kurdistan behind to the bloody handed Turks, Persians or Arabs.

One option was that the Americans would keep a number of troops in South Kurdistan. I do not have such info but I also do not believe the Americans do not actually keep a certain number. Just in case. Iran is next door. Or the Israelis, for their own sake. But neither could go so far as to scare the Turks. Kurdish ruled united / unpartitioned Kurdistan is the only single strategical threat to the Turks.

What other option would then be to reassure the Kurds like me? The news is as follows:

Tony Hayward moves into Kurdistan with Genel Energy as tensions rise

 Vallares, Tony Hayward and Nathaniel Rothschild’s oil investment vehicle, will issue its Genel prospectus at lunchtime on Friday – three days sooner than expected.

The semi-autonomous Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) inked a deal with Exxon Mobil last week – before a deal on revenues sharing has been agreed with the Iraqi central government. Vallares has insisted that its agreements with the KRG over Taq Taq and other blocks in the region were still valid.
J. Rockefeller and G. Rotchschild

The significance of this news is that both Rockefeller and Rothschild families have faith in Kurdistan and its future that they invest there (or they want Kurdistan to be there for their very own plans). Rothschilds putting in 2 billion dollars for their investment. Rockefellers doing their investment directly with their Admiral ship Exxon-Mobil and signing contract for six areas with Kurdistan Reginal Government (KRG) of which three are -according to Iraqi constitution- not even under KRG rule, however in practice and claim.

Article 140 of the Interim Iraqi Constitution states that the faith of Disputed Areas, created by Saddam’s Arabization program and separated constitutionally from the rest of South Kurdistan, the Kurdish areas, i.e. Kurdish city of Kirkuk, will be decided by a referendum.

On eKurd website there is a more in depth analysis on this same news I am commenting and can be read on this link.

The rest of the news are details for me. What is important is that South Kurdistan is under protection umbrella and will survive and will prosper and will continue giving hope to the rest Kurds; the world’s biggest nationality without a state of their own, under suppression of Turks of Turkey, Persians of Iran and Arabs of Syria. No more the Arabs of Iraq. Over!

Written by M. Husedin

22 December 2011 at 11:52 AM

Syrian intervention and the Kurds

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Although events in Libya happened before this blog started and thus my views unwritten, my analysis was that the events of the Arab spring were unexpected and sudden, therefore the intervention to create a change in Libya was unprepared and as a result immature. There were signs of bad organization, mismanagement and lack of roles and leadership among the intervening powers.An intervention to Syria will not be similar.

Analysis, plans and thus an expectation of the result in the event of such intervention will not be immature as Libya. As Bashar the Stupid put well last week in his speech, “Intervention in Syria will cause earthquake”. On one hand, though not unknown, important to be said. On the other hand, once said, these words mark the moment of defeat for the regime in Syria and also the fall of Syria as a state as it is. A regime trying sell itself with the fear of its disappearance.
Bashar Al-Assad the stupid and Erdogan the Turk

There are many wrongs about Syria but the most important two are:

  1. It is not a ‘natural’ state
  2. It sits on a part of Kurdistan

Not natural in the sense that it is the creation of a colonialist deal between Britain and France after the World War I. Syria was designed at the time the ‘French influenced part’ of the famous Sykes – Picot secret agreement. It was perhaps fitting to the needs of these powers at the time when they were powers. They are no more as they were. This era finally comes to an end with US intervention to the region. America has other plans in the region. Syria as it is is an obstacle to these plans.

Sitting on Kurdistan is a problem because it becomes more and more clear that no state is any more able to keep the Kurds under control. Saddam couldn’t, Turkey can not, not Iran but also not Syria. Kurds want an independent state of their own. As America wants access to Central Asia, Kurdistan needs be in peace. It is clear that peace in Kurdistan will come with unity and independence.

Returning back to Syria, if you have a look at the map of Kurdistan (a more or less map) you can see the part of Kurdistan under Syrian control:

The northeast part, namely around Qamishli are where the Kurdish political concentration is. And this is where Syria extracts a good part of its oil. This is the oil that was being sold to Europe and Europe buys this oil no more as a part of sanctions imposed on Syria. The oil sales revenues were more or less 75% of the revenues for the Baathist Syrian state.

If the rumours and suggestions are correct, then the roadmap to intervention to Syria will be similar to that of Iraq during 90’s. It is also my belief that this is the only way to prepare the grounds for a successful and controllable intervention to Syria. It is only right to trust the Kurds as allies on the ground.

Let’s have a look at how events may evolve around Qamishli if such an intervention happens;

  • The Turks will play a major role as they control a very long border with Syria. Worth mentioning that this border is almost entirely Kurdistan.
  • The border between Iraqi Kurdistan (South Kurdistan) and Syrian Kurdistan (Southwest Kurdistan) will simply evaporate to nothingness as it was fake anyway.
  • Syrian Kurdish territory will become an extension of Iraqi Kurdish territory; both economically and politically.
  • Syrian Kurds will ask the same rights their brethren enjoy in Iraq; a Kurdish National Congress like entity will force itself into existence (wanted or not wanted).
  • Turks will have to choose between being friends or foes with the Kurds. Since the Kurds will be allies-on-the-ground for the West, the Turks will have to choose being friends (Turks will by no means dare NOT taking sides with the West)
  • Knowing that the Turks fear to death of losing control on Northern Kurdistan under their occupation, they will do their best to keep things ‘under control’.
  • Turks will not dare intervene to Kurdish politics more then they are allowed, as they will remember the ‘Hood Event‘ in Sulaymaniyah, in Iraq.
  • As a result the Turks will try to keep things (related to Kurds) under control via Arabs, which will be the soft Islamists in Syria. That will be Turks’ bargain in the game.

In short, I believe this intervention will happen as rumored and as suggested. Kurds will benefit from it as a nation. They will choose to be allies with the USA and the Turks will not have much effect on how things will evolve.
A prominent PKK guerilla leader of Syrian origin, Bahoz Erdal (Erdal the Storm)

PKK might be a problem however. They do not fit into the projections for a Kurdistan with their ideology but nonetheless they are players on the ground. Lastly they have decided to take sides with the falling Assad regime. It is perhaps to get as much as possible from this desperate regime. PKK proved well during the 90’s to use well these regimes.

In my opinion however PKK plays wrongly this time. Symbolically by rejecting the Kurdish flag PKK does not stand in where the Syrian Kurds see themselves in a future. PKK prefers its ideological flag rather than the national Kurdish flag. Secondly, by being seen taking sides with the Assad regime, PKK should be drawing a very bad popular image of itself. In contradiction it should also be said that PKK has always been a very flexible organization and equally successful in controlling its supporters. They may very well position themselves in the centre of the things in the months ahead.

All to be seen. This week’s Arab League summit on Syria will give us more hints on how things will evolve.

Written by M. Husedin

09 November 2011 at 1:27 PM

A Letter to President Barack Obama on the recent Turkish-Iranian aggression against Kurdistan-Iraq

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By Kirmanj Gundi

President Barack Obama The White House 1600 Pennsylvania Ave NW Washington, DC 20500 August 27, 2011 Dear Mr. President:

When America decided to invade Iraq and topple its tyrannical regime, America was in need of assistance from all of its friends in the region, particularly America’s long time ally, Turkey. To expedite the toppling of the regime, America asked Turkish authorities for permission for American ground forces to pass through Turkey and into Iraq. The American request was denied and America received a cold shoulder from Turkish authorities.

During that crucial period, to facilitate America’s success in toppling Saddam Hussein’s despotic regime, the Kurdish leadership put the Peshmarga forces under the US military command. Kurdish leaders have done their due diligence to promote America’s mission in Iraq whether through mediating between/among Arab political rivals to create better unity in Baghdad or by participating in the US military undertaking against militants. The people of Kurdistan embraced American forces and welcomed them with flowers while they were barraged with bullets in other parts of Iraq.

The stability that the people of Kurdistan along with their leadership have established during the past two decades has helped America to move forward in Iraq in completing its mission. Nonetheless, Kurdistan and its people have found themselves under a hybrid state of violence and political mistreatment by Baghdad, and occasionally have seen hostilities from Iran and Turkey through air and ground invasions. Consequently, many innocent people including women and children died. Villagers were forced leave their villages and became internally displaced.

The recent Turkish-Iranian joint air and ground onslaught against Kurdistan-Iraq under the pretext of going after the PKK and PJAK is a clear violation of International laws that support sovereignty of statehood, and violates the UN Declaration of Human Rights, and democratic principles.

Sadly enough, it was American-made jet fighters the Turks flew in their raids on Kurdistan, and murdered innocent people. In one incident, a whole family of seven was cut into pieces. This flagrant violation could not have happened without America’s prior knowledge of the Turkish raids. What is even more tragic is that the Turkish government, jointly with America’s archenemy, Iran, conducted this recent military operation against defenseless Kurds.

Mr. President, US made fighters were used to murder citizens of Kurdistan at a time when Kurdish people and their leadership have been the most supportive of Americans in Iraq, and one of the few in the larger Middle East. The people of Kurdistan have always looked up to America and expected America to provide viable support in the face of external aggression. Therefore, instead of being complacent about Turkish internal oppression of the Kurds and Turkish aggression towards the Kurds in Kurdistan-Iraq, America could play a better role in finding a political solution to the Turkish-Kurdish conflict. America as an occupying force of Iraq is responsible for securing Iraq’s borders.

While Turkey uses the PKK as a pretext for its aggression against the peace-loving people of Kurdistan-Iraq, the reality is that there remain some twenty-five million Kurds in Kurdistan-Turkey, who, since 1924, have been faced with Turkish policies of constitutional genocide, which attempts to eradicate Kurdish identity as a different ethnicity. The Turkish Constitution in Chapter Four, I. Turkish Citizenship, Article 66 (as amended on October 17, 2001), vividly states “Everyone bound to the Turkish state through the bond of citizenship is a Turk.”

This Article advocates constitutional genocide against all those who carry national identities other than Turkish identity. The fact is that the PKK is a product of this racist and inhuman Constitution. While it may be convenient for Turkey to declare those it oppresses as “terrorists,” others see it as a legitimate struggle for ethnic and national freedom. Under this Constitution, there is no place for the Kurds to claim their God-given “national and democratic rights” in Turkey. If they do, the intolerant Turkish mentality stigmatizes them as “Terrorists.” Interestingly, one could ask which side, through its acts defines the “definition” of terrorist, the Turkish state that constitutionally has a policy of systematic genocide against one of the ancient peoples in the world or the PKK that has a national agenda for its oppressed people? The PKK was forced into an armed struggle to stop the genocidal Turkish policies in Kurdistan-Turkey. Additionally, the PKK, occasionally, had ceased all its activities against the Turkish state to promote dialogue with The Turks. It has always been the Turkish stubborn stand that preferred military solution to the Kurdish cause in Turkey.

Mr. President, Turkey needs to realize the reality in which Turkey lives. The truth is that the issue is not the PKK, but rather it is an issue of some twenty-five million Kurds, who have been buried alive under the myopic Turkish Constitution. Let’s hypothetically assume the Turkish raids on Kurdistan eliminate the PKK, even then Turkey must realize that it cannot exterminate the Kurdish cause. Thus, it is wise for the Turks to come to terms with this reality and end the cycle of hate and distrust. They must accept the historical reality that the Kurds have been living in their ancestral lands, which were partitioned and made parts of the modern Turkish state (and other states), and have their own national characteristics that must be respected.

What the Kurds in Turkey, Iran, Iraq, and Syria struggle for is totally in tune with the United States’ Declaration of Independence, to achieve “Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness.” Therefore, it is expected of America that America use its influence to help the people of Kurdistan especially in Turkey and Iraq where America can play a more effective role in finding a solution to the Kurdish plight. In Turkey, the Turks should be encouraged to look for a political solution to the Turkish-Kurdish uproar. In Iraq, America could do more to influence the implementation of the Article 140 to normalize the Arabized and sequestered parts of Kurdistan.

America’s support for Turkey has emboldened Turkish authorities to, under the US tutelage, violate international norms, and transgress human integrity. To end this succession of cynicism in Turkey, America can influence the Turks to amend their Constitution in which the Kurdish national and democratic rights are recognized and revered. As long as Turkey adheres to the Turkish “status quo,” it would be difficult for the people of Kurdistan in Turkey, or Kurds in other parts of Kurdistan to live in peace.

Mr. President, in your speech in the Turkish Parliament on April 6, 2009, you applauded the Turkish reform for greater democracy. You encouraged the Turks to have dialogue with the Kurdish leaders in Iraq, which indeed made a noticeable difference in Turkish behavior vis-à-vis the Kurds in Kurdistan-Iraq. However, you put Al-Qaida and the PKK on the same scale without referring to the inherently racist Turkish Constitution. Therefore, we ask you Mr. President, to call for a similar stand you displayed in your speech for the Kurds in Iraq by encouraging Turkish authorities to establish dialogue with the Kurds in Turkey so the Turkish-Kurdish bloodshed ends. In view of the fact that there exists conflict between the Turks and Kurds in Turkey”the region may never be able to see peace and tranquility”and Turkey may continue its internal oppression of the Kurds and trespass internationally recognized borders and violate the rights of Kurds beyond Turkey’s borders.

Further, since “unfortunately” Kurdistan is still a part of Iraq, it is the US responsibility to protect the people of Kurdistan. Thus, any violation against Kurdistan should be considered as a violation against Iraq. Particularly, with regard to the Iranian aggression, we ask that America protect its Kurdish friends in the face of America’s die-hard enemy, Iran.

In conclusion, we implore that the US provide protection for the people of Kurdistan from external aggression. Further, we ask that America help the Kurdish leadership to strengthen democratic institutions in Kurdistan, and promote principles on which the Kurdistani society could be transformed into a functioning civil society in which human integrity is preserved and freedom of speech including freedom of the press is respected. May God continue to bless America and Kurdistan with His love and wisdom.

We shall continue to pray for your success.

Sincerely yours,

Kirmanj Gundi

Department of Educational Administration and Leadership
Tennessee State University

Written by M. Husedin

04 September 2011 at 3:07 PM

President Barzani’s speech on attacks to KRG’s borders: not enough

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An interview with Mesud Barzani, president of Kurdistan Regional Government of South Kurdistan / Northern Iraq has recently been published at the Peyamner News Agency’s website. Peyamner is the official news agency of Mesud Barzani’s PDK (Partiya Demokratika Kurdistan).

Please click here for the interview.

Mr president puts forward in this interview the first time the right for self determination for all the Kurds throughout Kurdistan which is very good news for the leadership in the south since we are used hear from the South only for the Kurds in the south. Mr President also addresses in highlights the issue of Syrian Kurds which makes sense. It was mentioned in this blog as well that the driving reason behind Persian and Turkish offensives to PKK / PJAK on Qandils was actually to prevent the Kurds in Syria (Southwest Kurdistan) to gain political rights; an autonomy of their own.

A remark: against the criticism that the Southern leaders are regional leaders and not truly national has been falsified by the president with this interview. A big thanks to him for this. We have learnt now that the leadership in South Kurdistan proposes self determination rights for the Kurds in the North (Turkey), East (Iran) and Southwest (Syria). It will be commented accordingly in the future.

One other issue to mention in this interview is the postponement of the popularly demanded Kurdistan National Conference. It was announced for the end of 2011 and was expected to gather all the political parties throughout Kurdistan. Shame on us that with about 40 million population we have no guts to come together.

Mr President says a fight between Kurds (in this matter between KRG and PKK / PJAK) is out of question. This is against the Brakuji era between various Kurdish factions during the 20th century and was one of the main reasons for Kurds to not to gain rights anywhere in Kurdistan (one was being used against the other). Mr President does not say however that a Turkish attack to Qandil’s would be answered by similar means. It also falls very extremely short of what Turks are planning for the KRG governed South. According to an article published at Today’s Zaman, a daily of Turkey and one which can be considered a reliable source from the Turkish government;

Turkey is preparing to take the fight against the outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) to northern Iraq by turning outposts it has maintained for intelligence gathering there since 1995 into operational front garrisons, Today’s Zaman has learned.

If Mr President was to say that any such activity to the KRG governed soil would be considered hostile, then Turkey would hesitate in the level of its hostilities inside Iraqi soil, since it would turn the theatre of its never-declared-ever-continuing war against the Kurds into an international conflict. By not mentioning it, which makes the commentator think that by indirectly accepting it by keeping mute, KRG helps the Turks to continue on keeping their ever continuing identity genocide against Northern Kurds an internal issue.

Although not precise this map tells itself for Kurds and Kurdistan

Kurdistan and the Kurds and the unjust rule imposed on them needs to be made an internationally defende issue. The problem itself occurred when Kurdistan and the whole Kurdish nation was one day decided by the British and the French to be erased from existence. It was not the architecture of the Turks or Persians or Arabs. They merely defend since then their benefits they are having by controlling it. These regional neighbouring people had no power in their arms to create this mess when it was being engineered by the above mentioned after the World War I. The issue was international in the beginning and a solution will be so.

Kurds needs wisdom from their leaders to manage this long fought struggle. Yet we have seen only the mentioning of the rights Kurds should have: self determination. How is it going to be achieved is the question political leaders are supposed to answer?

Written by M. Husedin

24 August 2011 at 2:00 AM

Turkey’s attack to Qandil mountains: what for?

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The Kurdish poet / philosopher Ehmedé Xanî from centuries before wrote:

Whenever the Turkish or the Persian seas rise
Why is it always my dear homeland Kurdistan flooded?

Now, almost only days after the Persian flood on Qandil Mountains of South Kurdistan, it is the time for the Turkish flood. Air bombardments continue day and night.

For the ones who are not familiar with the unjust partitioning of Kurdistan and the Kurdish people to and under the control of four non-Kurd states, it is also not possible to understand the driving reasons of the offensives of Persians and Turks to Qandil mountains. Because of this lack of understanding, almost any small article on Kurdish matter or Kurdistan starts with an ever repeating, thus boring narrative of the Kurdish history. I will try to do this as little as possible in this article.

As I have tried to emphasize on my previous articles (link 1, link 2), the real agenda both for Turks and the Persians is to stop a new KRG-like establishment / authority in Southwest Kurdistan, or the Syrian Kurdistan if you prefer to name with these words. KRG, the Kurdistan Regional Government in the North of Iraq has been the beginning of the end of the status quo for the miserable Kurds in their homeland. Prosperous in wealth and strengthening muscles in Iraq whenever possible, developing international relations of its own, KRG is setting an example of a viable state for the rest of the Kurds. Another KRG like authority in any other part of Kurdistan (i.e. Syria) will be a few steps ahead at once compared to KRG itself.

KRG Parliament building in South Kurdistan

First of all, and to put the matter honestly, KRG has been a difficult and challenging example in the nation building of the Kurds. Since the Kurdish nation is about five times more than the population in Iraqi South Kurdistan, the local parties and leaders were and to a large extent still are regional leaders limited to their own controlled area. The effect of the KRG in Kurdistan however, has been truly national. Kurds have witnessed success of their own and the establishment of a modern state that belonged to themselves, governed by fellow Kurds. So have observed the Kurdistan occupant states.

One has to remember the so called Islamist bombings of Ezidi Kurds around Mosul town. It was clear to almost everyone in the region that the Mosul consulate of Syria was behind these attacks and orchestrating together with the Turks. The famous “Hood Event” in South Kurdistan is another incident. The Turks officially present in Sulaymaniah of South Kurdistan were planning to assassinate high ranked Kurds and were arrested by the Americans. Iran was a bit more careful in regards to its bitter relationship with the US but would not do less if found the opportunity. All this is to prevent the Kurds from having their own political governing entity.

The current Turkish president Abdullah Gul famously said when he was a prime minister “anything that happens related to Kurds is a problem of Turkey even if it happens in Argentine”. He said this in his protest of VoA’s Kurdish broadcast.

Kurds, so famously quoted in the beginning of any scholarly study on themselves are “the biggest nation / people without a state”. This is in regards to Kurdish national sentiments, not about population. If it was being a people and having a population one could easily mention the Punjabis, which is not the case.

A map of Kurdistan

Kurdistan is a very unjustly parted land. Kurds never accepted this partitioning of their land and fought back since the beginning. Simko, Sheikh Ahmed Barzani, Sheikh Mahmud Berzenci, Sheikh Said, Seyid Riza and the famous Bedirxans and the Xoybun are the examples of early Kurdish nationalist insurgencies for an independent state. The occupants together with their global lords fought the Kurds back in their demands.

Things changed with the American intervention to Saddam’s Iraq after the first and then the second Gulf Wars. Kurds in one part of their country gained a ‘defended’ autonomy of their own: KRG. Currently under American defence umbrella, Turks and Persians dare not be hostile to Northern Iraq’s KRG. But, what if the same example followed by the Kurds in Syria? What if this makes the autonomy seeking movements in other parts unstoppable?

These questions are most probably what the Turkish and Persian strategists ask themselves since the Syrian uprising for more democracy. One must think the answers to these questions together with the global acceptance of new states such as Kosovo, South Sudan, East Timor, etc.

Kurds and Kurdistan are only a victim of being unprepared before, during and after the World War I era, and do not want to be caught the same. It is a real battle in a sense between the states controlling / governing Kurdistan and the Kurdish people. The fight was won for Kurds in Iraq, and the Turks and the Persians do their best to prevent a similar victory elsewhere in Kurdistan.

PKK is one organization which has strong ties with the Kurds in Syria. Many of its militants and high ranked guerrilla leaders are from the Southwest. Recently declared and an autonomous seeking congress in North Kurdistan, Democratic People’s Congress, PKK scares Turkey on its control of Kurds. Votes show about 60% support for PKK in North Kurdistan. PKK also proposes the same for Syrian Southwest Kurdistan.

Imagine if the turmoil in Syria led to a similar autonomy like the KRG where the defence, judicial system and the rest of governmental affairs were under control of an independent Kurdish federative state. What would stop the Kurds in Northern Kurdistan of Turkey? Why would the Kurds in Iran not ask for the same? And, why would not these federative states come together to correct the wrongdoing of the British and the French after the World War I?

Has this not been the effect of the American invasion of Iraq after all? Is this not in line with the American president Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points?

American made Turkish aircrafts bomb today the Kurdish villages and guerrilla bases on Qandil Mountains. In exchange PKK is fighting back in Northern Kurdistan against the Turkish security forces. The whole fight seems to be sitting on an undealed peace agreement between Ocalan and the state. What lie beneath however is a very objective reason for the Turks. Kurdistan is strategic for them if they want to keep themselves important for the west. Say the pimp and prostitute relationship. By gaining more rights and establishing their own bodies, Kurds free themselves from the chains, not all at once, but rather one by one. Those who control Kurdistan and sell its geopolitical location to the global powers do not want the Kurds to become free and be the lords of Kurdistan.

Syrian Kurds celebrating Newroz, the Kurdish new year

It is all about the Syrian Kurds in short. Battle ground may be the high Qandil Mountains, the fight however is for Syrian Kurdistan. Turkey will try to weaken PKK guerrillas on Qandils. They may even start a new arrest campaign of the prominent Kurdish figures to demoralize the Kurds. They will aim to defocus PKK on Syrian Southwest Kurdistan.

All this to be seen. Erdogan said ‘Syria was Turkey’s internal affair’. None other than the Kurds in Syria concern the Turks. What will the world have to say against the Turks if they try to oppress the Kurds in Syria? More importantly what will the Kurds do if it comes to this?

Written by M. Husedin

19 August 2011 at 8:13 PM

Iran’s ongoing attacks on Qandil mountains

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Iran’s army’s ongoing attacks to PJAK fighters based in South Kurdistan’s Qandil mountains has raised many questions for the ones who want to understand the reasons behind. Why now? Why so big? Why so insistently to uproot the guerillas from their bases up in the mountains. And why USA allows this offensive to an area that it is supposed to protect?

My initial approach was that the reason behind this offensive was to push PKK, PJAK’s sister organization active in North Kurdistan, to yet another insurgency in Northern Kurdistan. Diplomacy in its own way was my comment.

Since then I’ve read many comments mainly from Northern Kurds trying to understand the reason behind the attacks. PKK has also published their own analysis as to why they were being targeted all of a sudden when they were not militarily attacking Iran or not taking sides in the conflict between the West and Iran (link1, link2):

KCK Executive Council Chairman Murat Karayilan remarks that Iran intends to invade the center of Qandil and points out that the operation is “an invasion plan under the cooperation of Turkey and Iran”. Kurdish sources record that Iran and Turkey want to exclude Kurds from the new Middle East design by weakening them with this operation.

According to PKK, or better named KCK (Koma Ciwakan Kurdistan), the offensive of Iran targets all Kurds achieved in Southern Kurdistan. They also say that one Kurdish party was unopenly acting with Iran to uproot them from their bases. This undisclosed Kurdish party is PUK of Talabani. According to PKK, KDP of current KRG president Mesud Barzani is equally targeted.

There are also many similar views of individual commentators on this. Most or all of them point out to the Turkish contribution to the Iranian attacks and extending it to US undisclosed support. They refer to KCK’s claim that the US UAVs fly above Qandil. It is also known that US shares this information with the Turks. Thus, the claim is that the Turks share with Iran what has been shared with them. In short, to many commentators and to PKK itself this offensive is orchestrated by the Turks and Iranians together and includes to some extent the US.

There are also reports that three hundred Turkish troops passed to Iran days before the attack started and that bodies of five Turkish soldiers were seen transported from the conflict zone with a refrigerated vehicle.

All these put aside, there is an ‘intelligence report’ published by Debka Files that the Americans assured themselves a military base in ‘Kurdish Republic’ after the offensive started.

* * *

Very strange attack indeed. The PJAK claim is that about 260 Iranian soldiers have been killed together with some high ranked generals. They say their casualty is eight. A periodical in Iran known to be close to Ayatollah Ali Khamaney has also criticized the performance of the Iranian army (link in Turkish) mentioning the high casualties Iranian army suffers.

Rodi Baz who published his article in (link in Turkish) says the US tests the Kurdish guerillas if they could survive in the region under such an offensive, if they could be considered a player and / or a partner in the future. This belief itself is a hope for many Kurds not basing on any data. Instead the US recently recognized PJAK a terrorist organization.

Nothing in the Middle East politics is as they are seen at first. One has to analyze events with their secondary and tertiary effects in both middle and long-term. For the moment, Kurdish guerillas seem to be defending themselves well in a battle against the highly educated Iranian army. Turkish army suffered a similar defeat few years ago which rocked the morale of the Northern Kurds. If the Iranians lose this battle and retreat it will certainly have a similar effect for the Eastern Kurds.

It will also indirectly affect the self-trust of Kurdistan Regional Government, and the Kurds in Syria. If both Turkey and Iran try and fail invading parts of South Kurdistan, it will after all mean that the South is defendable against the two major and historicak Kurdish enemy states; Turkey and the Iran. It will also mean that both PKK and PJAK could be more active in parts of Kurdistan they fight for.

Well, if the Turks and Persians could be kept busy with their own Kurdish issues, that would also automatically give space for the Southwestern Kurds, Kurds in Syria. Currently, they are on top agenda of both Turks and the Persian Iranians.

Here is a small documentary about PJAK at Qandil mountains:


Written by M. Husedin

30 July 2011 at 4:11 AM